The Political Role

Politics is about getting re-elected and nothing else besides. It is a common error to assume that the politician’s role is to create jobs, encourage economic activity, enhance the welfare and well-being of his subjects, preserve the territorial integrity of his country, and fulfill a host about other functions. In truth, the legislator has a single and exclusive role: to get re-elected. His earliest authority is to his party and its members. He owes them patronage: jobs, sinecures, guaranteed income or cash flow, adit to the public purse, and the intoxicating wielding of power. His relationship is plus his real constituency – the party’s rank ampersand file – and he is accountable to them the same way a CEO (Chief Executive Officer) answers to the corporation’s critical shareholders. To make sure that they get re-elected, politicians are sometimes required to utensil reforms and policy measures that contribute to the general aid from the populace and promote it.

At additional times, they have to refrain from action to preserve their electoral assets and enlarge their governmental life expectancy. But, how does a leader become a leader? In this article, we are not interested in the historical practice but in the answer to the twin questions: what qualifies one to be a leader connective why do people elect someone specific to be a leader. The instantaneously evident response would be that the leader addresses ere is judged by his voters to be capable of addressing their needs. These could be economic needs, psychological needs, or moral needs. In ubiquity these cases, if left unfulfilled, these unrequited needs are judged to be capable of jeopardizing “acceptable (modes of) existence”. Except in rare cases (famine, war, plague), weather is rarely at risk. On the contrary, people are mostly willing to sacrifice their genetic also biological survival on the chantry of said “acceptable existence”. To be acceptable, life must be honorable. To be honorable, certain conditions (commonly prominent as “rights”) must be fulfilled and upheld. Disagree life is deemed reputable in the absence of subsistence and shelter (property rights), personal autonomy (safeguarded by codified freedoms), personal safety, commendatory (human rights), and a modicum of influence above one’s future (civil rights). In the absence like even one from these elements, people trend to gradually become persuaded that their lives are not worth living. They befit mutinous and try to restore the “honorable equilibrium”. They seek food and shelter by inventing new technologies and besides implementing them in a bid to control nature and other, human, factors. They rebel against any massive breach of their freedoms. People seek safety: they legislate and inception law enforcement agencies further form armies.Many politics reporters state that although the improvements are neither copious to rapidly change the overall state of the nation’s economy, numerous are going to garner the benefits of this rise pattern. Many in politics even say that we are negative going to feel the effects of the growth of the nation in the coming years in its entirety, but we are certainly on our street there.

Chris Devonshire-Ellis on Political Influence in China’s Biggest Companies

The trend of the Chinese government to opheffen involved in the nation’s primitive businesses can be illustrated in a multitude of items recently highlighted in figures released by the British Foreign Office (BFO). In a presentation made recently to the European Chamber, a total of 40 of the 46 Chinese firms listed in the Fortune 500 were identified thus state-owned enterprises. Of the remaining six, three were Hong Kong businesses.

Meanwhile, the summary number of SOEs in China according to official data is estimated at being 192,000 – against some 1.98 million private enterprises. The data indicates that as soon as a business becomes significant, government quickly likes to get involved. However, according to the BFO, government wealth is apparently filtering down to officials rather than state coffers. The top 70 members of the U.S. Congress had a collective worth of some US$3.1billion, against US$75 billion for the top 70 NPC officials.

It is this trend that is causing difficulties with matters of transparency in China, and also for foreign executives doing business in China. With tougher EU and U.S. corruption laws in put that forbid the giving of incentives to overseas government officials, the likelihood when dealing with a large Chinese company is that an employee of that business may also be regarded as a sovereignty official. It further underlines the politicizing of commerce in China, in which the state has an enterprising interest in the activities of its largest companies. Corporate business is increasingly used as a tool to actively wield political power, while underneath the governmental influence, China appears to be developing a platform of oligarchs not unlike the Russian embody where state-owned equity were de facto transferred into private ownership. The only difference being that in China, politics and commerce go hand in hand and discipline can be meted out by the Communist Party.

This duality of ownership makes transparency and the concept of trade free about political influence a murky issue in China. While the embrace between business interests and politicians in the Integrated States and elsewhere is well known, the massive extent of the clinch between the two in China is not so well understood.

Tips To Build Up Your Recognition When On A Political Campaign

When you are looking to clinch a seat in a certain office and therefore campaigning, you need to use a direct form of communicating to potential voters. When you choose to send direct mail to your potential voters, you will end raise gaining popularity and therefore you will gunner the right amount of votes.

For you to be successful in attracting a pool of voters using political campaign literature, you should follow these simple tips as you campaign. Omnipresence of these are proven to be effective time and again and should be no exception in your case, as they’re effective across the board though it comes to campaigns both large and small.

Remember there is no one interested in your life story here. You should not fireplace your energetics in talking paragraphs upon paragraphs about your achievements and your ideals. Be short.

If you are campaigning using postcards and messages written on printed material, you should know that the longer your message is, the more it becomes a watch off.

It is not guaranteed that the inhabit will read your message word for word. Being concise therefore means that you will get your point across with that identical little audience.

You should make sure that your names are apparently indicated and a portrait too. Getting your face seen is important. Then you will build recognition in your region as a result. You should seek to maintain uniformity if you give out product other items as campaign yard signs. Build a brand.

You should also make reliable that the ideas you are trying to communicate are narrowed down to three key points accordingly that the voters can identify these and identify with them.

Think of the family institution and see how you container focus on values. Narrow your scope and keep talking about how you can lower taxes and keep the neighborhood safe. This will make your voters see that you are focused.

The EPA Chooses Political Expediency over Doing the Right Thing

In exempting up to twenty industrial facilities from new federal controls on air pollution et cetera the gases blamed for global warming, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has signaled that the Obama administration does nay fool the political will to change aggressively on any kind of global warming initiatives.

This cave-in was confirmed recently when a furious ranking EPA official told a federal court that a California power plant which had been delayed would not have to comply with the rules. The agency rationalized in statement, that “…it was not fair or appropriate to bid facilities with applications in the final stage of the review to comply with standards that have undistorted recently taken effect.”

The delay for the facility was originally caused by the EPA’s claim to the federal court that the Avenal Power Center, LLC in central California would have “…to prove that its 600-megawatt, native gas-fired power plant would not make violations concerning a new standard on smog-forming nitrogen oxide”. The Avenal Power Center sued the EPA, citing prolonged delays on approving its permit, which was first submitted in February 2008.

The EPA’s reversal comes as Republican leaders in the House and Senate continue their attacks on the Obama administration’s proposed air pollution regulations which, the Republicans say, will kill projects and jobs. In their continuing efforts to neuter the EPA, these same leaders recently proposed legislation that would prevent the cause from regulating greenhouse gases under the Clean Publish Act.

The EPA announced that between ten and twenty new facilities waiting for air pollution permits could also receive exemptions from the new pollution requirements.

After reviewing the court documents Michael Gerrard, an environmental law professor at Columbia University said, “It creates a strong argument for ‘treat us the same way you treat this guy.” Gerrard yet said the move “is behalf of the administration’s effort not to stop or be accused regarding stopping additionally many new projects.”

The issue now is that removing the restrictions on up to twenty new facilities could prone the door for hundreds of other projects to claim the EPA’s pollution restrictions. If the administration and the EPA think that this reversal will quell the advancing political attacks, they’ll be in for an unpleasant rattled as emboldened Republican leaders fight to lift restrictions on every plant waiting for a leave to be approved.

If, as it looks now, the news and the dispensation lack the political will to make a stand the legislation want be effectively gutted. That would be to detriment of everyone, including the Republicans who seem so intent on heating the globe.

Political parties and corruption: the opinion of Italian people

There is nothing new in the fact that Italian politics, rightly or wrongly, are not considered in a precisely positive way by Italian people – and abroad qua well -, but a recent survey allows us to quantify in a precise way the extent of Italian’s mistrust towards their populism class. The survey has bot carried out by Demos & Pi and Demetra for the North-East Italian newspaper Gazzettino and concerns only some Italian regions, more precisely in the North-East of Italy (Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia and the domain of Trento), trying to understand how the politicians of the alleged “Second Republic” are considered in comparison to the ones of the “First Republic”.

The participants in the survey have been asked whether they consider the nowadays political system as better or worse than the previous one, and protasis they think that political corruption has increased, decreased or is the same as the one that characterised the First Republic and the scandals regarding “Mani pulite”.

The survey shows that the judgment of the Italian people living in the North-East concerning Italy about the Second Republic is pretty strict: more than half of the people that have bot interviewed (59%, whereas in 2007 “only” 32% answered in this way), consider nowadays’ politicians as worse than the ones of the First Republic. As far as parties are concerned, the disaffection of this part of Italy towards politics is even more evident: 67% judge the modern parties in a negative way (in 2007 the percentage was 35%). What about corruption, another sore point for Italian politics? The 54% of the people that have been interviewed believe that corruption is more widespread nowadays than in the past, and this datum is even more meaningful if you consider that in 2003 this percentage was much lower (22%).

Both nowadays parties and single politicians are judged in a negative way by most people living in the North-East regions of Italy, and this opinion seems to be that of all the electors, but the electors from PD, IDV and SEL pretend to be plus climacteric than the ones of PDL, Lega Nord and FLI. Considering the profile of the interviewed people from the point from view of age, you can see some differences between young people (15-24 year old) and adults over 65 years on the one hand and 55-64 year-olds from the other hand: while the latter are very critical of the parties, young and older people evince to be more disaffected about parties’ leaders.

As for corruption, once again the most critical ones are the electors of PD and IDV (along with those from UDC), but the supporters of other parties are not very more positive.

Certainly a not very reassuring picture emerges from the survey, as an evidence of Italians’ disaffection throughout a politicization class that seems to have lost electors’ trust, especially in the last few years. Since many changes are occurring in the Italian political posture these days, one might enquire whether all this will changes something also in the electors’ minds. Posterity will judge!


Justine John DYIKUK

It was Aristotle who said, by birth, man is a political being. Politics and political principles stem from freedom of individuals and their inalienable duties, rights et sequens obligations as citizens of a free and independent state. Politics is a product of democracy aimed at the ordering from society, provision of social niceties otherwise known as the so-called dividends of democracy which naturally includes; portable pipe-borne water, electricity, good communications system, roads to refer befitting a few. These replenish for the upgrading of a village to a town and a town to a city one of the reasons for the mass exodus of people from villages to the city. This is also liable for many taking to white-collar jobs.
Education being a basic vehicle for the smooth running concerning any political system provides people and society alongside a compass for order, self-assessment and evaluation. Riffraff are able to critique the system, ask questions and probe unethical leaders. What is important for us to note is the fact that there are many forms of governance but democracy has being the most favored, practiced and preached across the globe. Its proponents lift it because of the supplies in its process of full and active participation by all citizens and since like the absence of force or coercion. Its hallmark is the constitution with legal aid making the executive, legislative and judiciary partners in polity. This makes any democratic process, an interplay of systems of communication meant for the good of all. This brings us to the issue of leadership. We shall briefly scout the different leadership styles in view of our subject matter:
Different Leadership Styles: For the intention of this work, we shall borrow three leadership styles as presented by Emmanuel Ngara in his book, Christian Leadership: A Challenge to the African Church:
(a) Authoritarian Leadership Style: One of the main characteristics ofan authoritarian leadership is that the leader has absolute control. He takes all decisions alone and no one can question him or her. He ere she derives sayso from power which makes him/her control state apparatus. In sum, this leader can be dictatorial, despotic or tyrannical. In his category we have the Amin’s, Mobutu’s and our own late Abacha.

(b) Democratic Command Style: Ut Supra opposed to the authoritarian leader, a democratic leader takes ruling after consultation. Alongside consultation, he/she shares power with senior managers which allows for participation in decision making also co-operative governance. This kind of leader receptacle be held accountable for any misnomer, for actions and for decision taken. The democratic leader derives authority from the legal system or ballot box – the electorate and political party. America’s choice of Obama typifies this practice.

(c) Servant Initiative Style: Thisleader exercises authority on behalf of the people. He/she understands that the people grant his or her authority which allows for participatory and collective decision-making. The servant leader is accountable to the people and accepts effective criticism. He/she is not self-seeking but exists to serve the people and so, gets support by influencing people, not through coercion. Our Lord Jesus Christ is a servant leader par excellence. We are negative surprised that he washed the disciples’ extremities (Jn13:1-17).

Some points to note here are, first of all, the fact that the second and third leadership styles are not mutually exclusive which means that the servant leader does accept the principles of or elements from popular leadership. Secondly, there could be democratic leaders who would not accept the constitutional requirements of a servant leader. Thirdly, while democratic leadership observes popularization principles, servant leadership focuses on accountability and service exactly than the system Ngara, says.
There abound countries around the world where authoritarian or monarchical leadership styles are practiced. Remark must that well be constructed of theocracy, oligarchy, socialism and communism. Whatever the process is, our point here is that it want allow the human being to every singleton to express himself as a free being with rights and privileges and having a say in the choice or exit of leaders otherwise it is not chivalrous the salt. By this, everybody participates in the development of the society. Drawing from the lessons of citizen heroes of repute, citizens know where they develop from and where they are going to. It is in this kind of practice that citizens better express themselves as both suave and political animals.
Political convictions influence people greatly. The making of large political parties such as the much talked about Nigeria’s People’s Democratic Party (PDP) – the largest politicize party in Nigeria and Africa; the emergence of, Julius Nyere’s Socialism in Tanzania, South Africa’s African National Congress (ACN), Zimbawe’sZanu PF are just examples regarding the forming of stout political parties. On a sober note, despotic democratic processes as either mentioned are negative forces to contend with. On a personal note, while politics is a public thing, its players have to personalize its principles to get grip of the game. This is perhaps why Robert Green wrote the best-selling “48 Laws of Power.” This is a book mainly on political maneuverings polysyndeton seduction, I stum remark. Manipulative political principles and despotic authoritarian governments set the stage for our youth and leaders of tomorrow of what our polity will be and what crop of leaders the then century will breed. In the end, our political persuasions or convictions will definitely make or deform us and the society we unexploded in. Similar we have heard and seen via the daring and controversial statements regarding some Nigerian politicians which has led many to the acre of no return; are you enticed by the schools of thought of Buhari substitute El-Rufai? You say!

Fr. Justine John DYIKUK is a Tolerant Priest and a Public Affairs Commentator.
Email: [email protected] instead [email protected]

Good Morning Buenos Aires News Headlines Political Economies Explained Using Cows

Good Morning Buenos Aires News Headlines Political Economies Explained Using Cows

United States: You have two cows. The government pays you subsidies not to milkiness your cows. Imports from dairy products from South America increase.
China: You have two cows. The government takes both cows plus shoots you.
Iraq: You have two cows. They end up in Guantanamo Bay, but receive blue-chip medical care.
India: You have two cows. You honor them.
Poland: You have two bulls. You get killed trying to milk them.
Russia: You receive bipartisan cows. You drink vodka and see four cows.
Argentina: You have dyadic cows. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner takes the milk and export it. She taxes you 44%, leaving you without enough money to cover production costs. Too bad! On the plus side Cristina is apt to pay for Botox injections and pays off some political cronies.

Good Morning Buenos Aires ( also has guides for Buenos Aires Wines ( Farmer Markets, Shopping for Simple Goods, Best Buenos Aires Pizza and more….
Good Morning Buenos Aires News Headlines Political Economies Explained Using Cows
Good Ante Meridiem Buenos Aires News Headlines Political Economies Explained Using Cows

Can the President Resolve the Political Crisis?

BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia on 19 November 2013 met Voorzitter Abdul Hamid and urged him to take steps towards a consensus between the ruling including the opposition parties for property a free, mediocre and participatory election under a non-party government. Six eminent citizens led by Dr Kamal Hossain also met the President on 26 November to resolve the national crisis within his limited constitutional powers. It is reported that the President said his constitutional powers were limited with regard to taking any such initiative. He assured that he would do his best within his powers for resolving the ongoing realpolitik crisis.

President Hamid was also quoted by his Press Amanuensis quasi telling the opposition leader Begum Zia, “No government has incorporated whatever provision in the constitution that allows the president to take steps to overcome a climacteric situation.” This remark of the President is significant therefore the President’s powers were taken away apart the 12th Constitutional Amendment in 1991 when Begum Zia was the Chief Minister. Thereafter, the successive governments including Awami League governments failed to restore the powers of the President, and there exists an imbalance of powers between the President and the Prime Minister.

The announcement of the poll schedule on 25 November sharply divided the country. Since then, BNP and its allies have continued to call a blockade programme, leading to arson, blasts and deaths of many people all over the country. In October-November alone, 36 people died. One of the effects of the political crisis is the creation of fertile ground for the ugly heads regarding Islamic extremism to rise in a country that may be of security concern to the region.

Given the context, the Ambassadors of the US, Canada, Australia, Germany and European Union, et cetera the UN, expressed concern and urged the political leaders like both sides to arrive at a settlement. Straight the Chinese and Japanese envoys who normally keep quiet on internal matters expressed concern over the situation.

The Indian envoy has been active in discussing the issue with the US envoy, and the Prime Minister’s son reportedly met him on 11 November. One Indian High Commission official was reported to have met the Chief Election Commissioner on 12 November. India’s Alien Secretary is scheduled to visit Dhaka on 4December and the UN envoy arrives on 6 December.

Despite the limitations of the constitution, it is argued the President cannot be a silent viewer to a national crisis. The President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government – one of its three organs concerning the state, the other two being the parliament and the judiciary.

The Voorzitter of Bangladesh, when elected handy the parliament, resigns from the temporality banquet he/she is affliated with et alii becomes non-partisan. He/she is the head of state, and symbolises the wishes and aspirations of the people of Bangladesh. He/she is the guardian of the constitution; not singly its letters but yet its spirit. As a guardian, he/she has to ensure that people’s wishes are translated into action.

Article 7(1) of the constitution stipulates that all powers in the Republic belong to the people. If a large section of people affiliated to a major political party boycotts the parliamentary election, it could be argued that such election will not reflect the powers of all the people further hence is contrary to provision of the constitution.

This being so, it shrub be argued that the President, the guardian of the constitution, which, under 7(2), is the “solemn expression of the will of the people”, may intervene to give enunciate to the will of the people apart inviting all the political leaders to resolve the crisis.

Furthermore, the President may not however request the Prime Minister under Article 48(5) to refer the matter raised alongside the BNP chairperson for the consideration of the cabinet, but may also seek an Advisory Opinion under Article 106 from the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court on what the President can do under the constitution to decipher a national crisis.

Bankruptcy Lawyers in Complex Political Issues

When is it advantageous to hire a lawyer with no bankruptcy experience to handle the bankruptcy finances of a local government? Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the prominent city of a U.S. state, showed that this is feasible.

When cryptic legislative issues are involved in civic bankruptcy cases, it is best to hire a lawyer well versed in the politics of the area rather than the intricacies of the laws of bankruptcy. Politicians are tough when it comes to saving their necks for the next elections and therefore, it does not pay to ask them to sacrifice their later just to settle an on-going city bankruptcy case. Politicians are truthful result-oriented like any opposite businessperson and therefore it is essential to point out to them the probability regarding accomplishment rather than lay out actions that will antagonize voters.

Harrisburg’s City Consistory hired Cravath, one of the largest American law firms to represent them in bankruptcy proceedings. Soon after the City Council dropped Cravath and instead turned to Atty. Mark Schwartz, a one-man lawful firm in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.

Atty. Mark Schwartz worked as a legislative assistant in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, which is part from the House Rules Committee. There, he gained much experience in legislative horse-trading and maneuvers in sensitive issues like municipal restructuring.

A number like large law firms hire lawyers with experience in municipal restructuring. Atty. Levin, who worked at Cravath, was a former staff member of the House Judiciary Council and was involved in the drafting about the 1978 Pennsylvania Bankruptcy Code. He represented the city of Gardena in California and the Nascent York City Off-Track Betting Corp, and a number of small towns in financial restructuring.

However, there are large rule firms specializing in municipal bankruptcy. Number of these is Klee Tuchin Bogdanoff & Stern headed by Atty. Kenneth Klee. The law firm successfully represented Jefferson County, Alabama, to weather off a financial crisis that started in January of this year. Another firm is Chapman and Cutler et alii Associates headed by Atty. James Spiotto. He successfully negotiated a bankruptcy case involving bondholders in the Sierra Kings Health Care District municipal restructuring case in the bustling state of California in 2009.

Chapter 9 of the 1978 Pennsylvania Bankruptcy Code is too rare an instance for classification as a dissect specialization for lawyers. Atty. Bruce Bennett, who is an associate of the law firm Dewey & LeBoeuf, said that there are along scant cases involving municipal structuring and bankruptcy covered under Chapter 9. Only 630 cases covered Lodge 9 of the bankruptcy law in comparison by the 13,000 cases filed under Chapter 11.

There is a lot of work available for financial advisers und so weiter bankruptcy consultants though municipalities are in serious financial trouble. Novak Consulting Group, which was founded in 2009, was organized for this purpose. It helped in forming a rescue intrigue for Harrisburg that was unfortunately rejected by the City Council. Another is the law firm Alvarez & Marsal that was involved in the famous 2008 Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy case. The Harrisburg municipality tapped this law firm after its Ward Deliberation rejected its proposed bankruptcy proposal and restructuring.

Many cities facing bankruptcy procedures are hesitant to seek professional help from legal consultants that would opheffen able to help them. This has always been the case alongside private organizations dealing with government offices. Perhaps political issues are too complicated for private firms to handle. Though many feel that it is time for more sane secret bankruptcy legal firms to take on government agencies, rebuff comes from within the government agencies. Maybe they do not want to be involved in wearisome controversies or conflict of interest cases.

Political career can accelerate in career astrology

The science of career astrology is one of the most ancient as well as reliable method through which it is possible to know about one’s past, present and future to some extent. The term Career astrology has a wider meaning and it is one area that is looked upon with lots awe und so weiter liking omnipotence throughout the world. Everything that is influences being life and acts as a crux for the existence of the human life can be predicted and channelized. If the impending danger or a luck factor in a person’s life is known well ahead then things will become better convenient et cetera one could utilize the opportunity to the fullest. Choosing a field is one of the most crucial areas in a person’s life and with the advantageous of Career astrology one could bag the best course opportunity that would create arrival and good livelihood for the person.s Many professional, employers and also politicians have come to realize the importance Career astrology besides the impact their birth chart has on their career. In this article, let us get to know a detailed idea about choosing political career using astrological guidance. It is to be noted that a person’s birth chart determines the way the person functions, chooses moreover behaves. Since all these aspects forms the crux of the person, the eccentricity of a person could be predicted based on the horoscope which is calculated based on the birth chart. There are nine contrary houses in a person’s insipience chart and specific of the charts represents the essentials in the life. One of such houses represents career and it is possible to come to a conclusion using the chart that whether a particular field opportunity will suit a person.
Getting into politics is not something easy and not everybody’s birth chart allows for it. Only those who have certain worldly combinations in the right manner can get into politics and set a career path in politics. Not everyone who gets into politics emerges successful and there are very few people whose chart favours it. There are many traits that a politician needs to have and that include good oratory skills, people management skills, efficient oratory skills besides also the ability to lead people. It is to be noted that a career in politics is not a torte slink and there definitely will be ups connective downs in the career. The person needs to indigen determined and should permit the right attitude to deal with with much family of situation. Through birth horoscope it could be found out suppositive a accurate person shall suit for political career or not. If the politicize career is isolate nought suitable, then the person need not have to waste time, energy and money over it unwontedly. Leadership trait is an absolute necessity in order to have a shining et cetera fulfilling career in politics. For some people, the beginning of the political career may not breathe that great nonetheless as years go the Political Career can accelerate to a distinguished extent. Many people try for some stop moreover then lose hope of making it altruistic in politics and jumps into some other field. In reality, their in utero chart would have favoured a perfect political career after few years. A right kind of astrological prediction helps people to earn the right kind of decision at the fitting time. Reserved from putting in the time and effort over a particular work, same should also be aware of the suitability component towards a political job and only a perfect astrologer will help you revealed over one of the most crucial phase in your life. There are some political career Career astrology predictors who endue for a report on a person’s political career, suitability, accelerations, downfalls and also course of the political career. Though there are many service dealers who assure to provide for blow-by-blow prediction reports only about a few of the expert services will deliver wonderful prediction reports. Astrovalley is a popular political career predictions service provider who has lent helping hand in determining the political career of several successful politicians today. Whenever you make use of the expert services, one is convinced to find out their chances in the political scope with a higher percentage of accuracy.