10 THINGS THAT MAKE OR MAR YOU – PART SEVEN: POLITICAL PERSUASION(S)
10 THINGS THAT MAKE OR Blot YOU – PART SEVEN: POLITICAL PERSUASION(S)
Justine John DYIKUK
It was Aristotle who said, by birth, man is a political being. Politics and political principles stem from freedom of individuals and their inalienable duties, rights et sequens obligations as citizens of a free and independent state. Politics is a product of democracy aimed at the ordering from society, provision of social niceties otherwise known as the so-called dividends of democracy which naturally includes; portable pipe-borne water, electricity, good communications system, roads to refer befitting a few. These replenish for the upgrading of a village to a town and a town to a city one of the reasons for the mass exodus of people from villages to the city. This is also liable for many taking to white-collar jobs.
Education being a basic vehicle for the smooth running concerning any political system provides people and society alongside a compass for order, self-assessment and evaluation. Riffraff are able to critique the system, ask questions and probe unethical leaders. What is important for us to note is the fact that there are many forms of governance but democracy has being the most favored, practiced and preached across the globe. Its proponents lift it because of the supplies in its process of full and active participation by all citizens and since like the absence of force or coercion. Its hallmark is the constitution with legal aid making the executive, legislative and judiciary partners in polity. This makes any democratic process, an interplay of systems of communication meant for the good of all. This brings us to the issue of leadership. We shall briefly scout the different leadership styles in view of our subject matter:
Different Leadership Styles: For the intention of this work, we shall borrow three leadership styles as presented by Emmanuel Ngara in his book, Christian Leadership: A Challenge to the African Church:
(a) Authoritarian Leadership Style: One of the main characteristics ofan authoritarian leadership is that the leader has absolute control. He takes all decisions alone and no one can question him or her. He ere she derives sayso from power which makes him/her control state apparatus. In sum, this leader can be dictatorial, despotic or tyrannical. In his category we have the Amin’s, Mobutu’s and our own late Abacha.
(b) Democratic Command Style: Ut Supra opposed to the authoritarian leader, a democratic leader takes ruling after consultation. Alongside consultation, he/she shares power with senior managers which allows for participation in decision making also co-operative governance. This kind of leader receptacle be held accountable for any misnomer, for actions and for decision taken. The democratic leader derives authority from the legal system or ballot box – the electorate and political party. America’s choice of Obama typifies this practice.
(c) Servant Initiative Style: Thisleader exercises authority on behalf of the people. He/she understands that the people grant his or her authority which allows for participatory and collective decision-making. The servant leader is accountable to the people and accepts effective criticism. He/she is not self-seeking but exists to serve the people and so, gets support by influencing people, not through coercion. Our Lord Jesus Christ is a servant leader par excellence. We are negative surprised that he washed the disciples’ extremities (Jn13:1-17).
Some points to note here are, first of all, the fact that the second and third leadership styles are not mutually exclusive which means that the servant leader does accept the principles of or elements from popular leadership. Secondly, there could be democratic leaders who would not accept the constitutional requirements of a servant leader. Thirdly, while democratic leadership observes popularization principles, servant leadership focuses on accountability and service exactly than the system Ngara, says.
There abound countries around the world where authoritarian or monarchical leadership styles are practiced. Remark must that well be constructed of theocracy, oligarchy, socialism and communism. Whatever the process is, our point here is that it want allow the human being to every singleton to express himself as a free being with rights and privileges and having a say in the choice or exit of leaders otherwise it is not chivalrous the salt. By this, everybody participates in the development of the society. Drawing from the lessons of citizen heroes of repute, citizens know where they develop from and where they are going to. It is in this kind of practice that citizens better express themselves as both suave and political animals.
Political convictions influence people greatly. The making of large political parties such as the much talked about Nigeria’s People’s Democratic Party (PDP) – the largest politicize party in Nigeria and Africa; the emergence of, Julius Nyere’s Socialism in Tanzania, South Africa’s African National Congress (ACN), Zimbawe’sZanu PF are just examples regarding the forming of stout political parties. On a sober note, despotic democratic processes as either mentioned are negative forces to contend with. On a personal note, while politics is a public thing, its players have to personalize its principles to get grip of the game. This is perhaps why Robert Green wrote the best-selling “48 Laws of Power.” This is a book mainly on political maneuverings polysyndeton seduction, I stum remark. Manipulative political principles and despotic authoritarian governments set the stage for our youth and leaders of tomorrow of what our polity will be and what crop of leaders the then century will breed. In the end, our political persuasions or convictions will definitely make or deform us and the society we unexploded in. Similar we have heard and seen via the daring and controversial statements regarding some Nigerian politicians which has led many to the acre of no return; are you enticed by the schools of thought of Buhari substitute El-Rufai? You say!